|Origin||Posterior surface of the ilium (between anterior and posterior gluteal lines)
|Insertion||Greater trochanter of femur (lateral and superoposterior facet)|
Hip medial rotation (anterior fibers)
Hip lateral rotation (posterior fibers)
Stabilises pelvis when standing on one leg
|Nerve||Superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1 nerve roots)|
|Artery||Superior gluteal artery|
Location & Overview
The gluteus medius is one of the three gluteal muscles. The other two gluteal muscles are: the gluteus maximus and gluteus minimus. It is located on the lateral aspect of the upper portion of the buttocks (just below the iliac crest). The posterior third of the gluteus medius is covered by the gluteus maximus. It has a fan like shape with the proximal portion of the muscle being wide and then narrowing as it approaches its tendon insertion. It is the primary hip abductor. The gluteus minimus and tensor fascia latae also assist in hip abduction.
Origin & Insertion
The gluteus medius originates on the posterior surface of the ilium. Specifically, between the anterior and posterior gluteal lines. The gluteal aponeurosis covers the surface of the gluteus medius and also serves as an additional origin point. The gluteus medius then inserts on the greater trochanter of femur. Specifically, the lateral and superoposterior facet.
The primary action of the gluteus medius muscle is hip abduction. It also helps to stabilise the pelvis when standing on one leg (e.g during walking, running, hopping). The anterior fibers are also able to assist in hip medial rotation. Whereas the posterior fibers are able to assist in lateral rotation (but only when the hip is extended).
The gluteus medius muscle is innervated by the superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1 nerve roots).
Blood is supplied to the gluteus medius via the superior gluteal artery.
Want some flashcards to help you remember this information? Then click the link below:
Gluteus Medius Flashcards
|↑1, ↑3||Moore KL, Agur AMR, Dalley AF. Clinically Oriented Anatomy. 8th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincot Williams & Wilkins; 2017.|
|↑2, ↑4||Shah A, Bordoni B. Anatomy, Bony Pelvis and Lower Limb, Gluteus Medius Muscle. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK557509/|
|↑5||Lung K, Lui F. Anatomy, Abdomen and Pelvis, Superior Gluteal Nerve. 2021 Aug 11. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan–. PMID: 30571029.|
|↑6||Ebraheim NA, Olexa TA, Xu R, Georgiadis G, Yeasting RA. The quantitative anatomy of the superior gluteal artery and its location. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 1998 Jun;27(6):427-31. PMID: 9652885.|