|Origin||Coracoid process of the scapula|
|Insertion||Midshaft of humerus (distal to the crest of the lesser tubercle)|
|Nerve||Musculocutaneous nerve (C5, C6, C7)|
Location & Overview
The coracobrachialis is located in the upper arm. It is one of the three muscles which attaches to the coracoid process of the scapula. The other two are: the short head of the biceps brachii muscle and the pectoralis minor muscle. The coracobrachialis is the smallest of these three muscles .
Origin & Insertion
The coracobrachialis originates at the coracoid process of the scapula and inserts at the midshaft of the humerus, which is distal to the crest of the lesser tubercle (the insertion is located between the attachments of the triceps brachii’s medial head and the brachialis muscle) .
The coracobrachialis is innervated by the musculocutaneous nerve (C5, C6, and C7) .
Blood is supplied to the coracobrachialis by the brachial artery .
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|↑1, ↑3||Moore KL, Agur AMR, Dalley AF. Clinically Oriented Anatomy. 8th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincot Williams & Wilkins; 2017.|
|↑2||Szewczyk, B., Polguj, M., Paulsen, F. et al. A proposal for a new classification of coracobrachialis muscle morphology. Surg Radiol Anat 43, 679–688 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00276-021-02700-1|
|↑4, ↑6||Georgiev GP, Landzhov B, Tubbs RS. A Novel Type of Coracobrachialis Muscle Variation and a Proposed New Classification. Cureus. 2017;9(7):e1466. Published 2017 Jul 13. doi:10.7759/cureus.1466|
|↑5||Chouke, K. S. (1924). Variation of the coracobrachialis muscle. The Anatomical Record, 27(3), 157-163.|