|Origin||Anterior surface radius
Adjacent interosseous membrane of forearm
|Insertion||Palmar aspect of base of distal phalanx of thumb|
Very weakly assists in flexing the wrist
|Nerve||Anterior interosseous nerve (C7, C8)|
|Artery||Anterior interosseous artery|
Location & Overview
The flexor pollicis longus muscle is located in the anterior of the forearm and is one of three deep flexor muscles in the forearm’s volar compartment (the other two are the flexor digitorum profundus and pronator quadratus). It is deep to the radial head of the flexor digitorum superficialis muscle and distal to the supinator muscle. The flexor pollicis longus is the primary flexor of the thumb   .
Origin & Insertion
The flexor pollicis longus originates on the anterior surface of the radius (volar aspect) and the adjacent interosseous membrane. This origin point is just distal to the radial tuberosity. It also passes deep to the flexor retinaculum (transverse carpal ligament)   .
The flexor pollicis longus muscle is the primary flexor of the thumb. It provides flexion at both the metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints. In addition to thumb flexion, it can provide very weak wrist flexion and radial wrist deviation  .
The flexor pollicis longus is innervated by the anterior interosseous nerve. The anterior interosseous nerve is a branch of the median nerve and passes in between the two heads of the pronator teres muscle  .
Blood is supplied to the flexor pollicis longus from the anterior interosseous artery. The anterior interosseous artery is a branch of the ulnar artery. Branches of the median nerve artery also provide blood to the flexor pollicis longus’ pre-digital portion. The digital portion of the tendon gets its blood supply from vincula: V1 and V2. V1 originates from either the princeps pollicis artery or both digital arteries. V2 originates from both digital arteries  .
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Flexor Pollicis Longus Flashcards
|↑1, ↑4, ↑7, ↑9, ↑11||Moore KL, Agur AMR, Dalley AF. Clinically Oriented Anatomy. 8th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincot Williams & Wilkins; 2017|
|↑2, ↑5, ↑8, ↑10, ↑12||Benson DC, Miao KH, Varacallo M. Anatomy, Shoulder and Upper Limb, Hand Flexor Pollicis Longus Muscle. [Updated 2021 Jul 26]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK538490/|
|↑3, ↑6||Standring S. (2015). Gray’s Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice, 41st Edn. Amsterdam: Elsevier.|