|Origin||Lateral supracondylar ridge (humerus)|
|Insertion||Lateral surface of the styloid process (radius)|
|Action||Flexion of the forearm at the elbow joint|
Supination and pronation of the forearm
|Nerve||Radial nerve (C5, C6, C7)|
|Artery||Radial recurrent artery|
Location & Overview
The brachioradialis is a prominent muscle located on the lateral side of the forearm, extending across the elbow joint. This superficial muscle is easily palpable in the anterolateral region of the forearm and plays an important role in forearm stability and function. Along with the wrist extensors, the brachioradialis forms one of the lateral boundaries of the cubital fossa, an important anatomical area containing structures such as the biceps tendon, brachial artery, and median nerve. The cubital fossa, also known as the antecubital fossa, is a triangular-shaped depression located on the anterior aspect of the elbow joint   .
The brachioradialis muscle belongs to the group of muscles known as the ‘mobile wad’ or ‘radial group’, which also includes the extensor carpi radialis longus and extensor carpi radialis brevis. Its positioning and tough tendon make it highly effective in providing mechanical advantage during various forearm movements. As a powerful forearm muscle, the brachioradialis not only contributes to the overall appearance and definition of the forearm but also plays a key role in many daily activities and sports that involve gripping, lifting, and rotating .
Origin & Insertion
The brachioradialis originates across the proximal two-thirds of the humerus’ lateral supracondylar ridge. Distally, it inserts onto the lateral surface of the radius’ styloid process  .
The lateral supracondylar ridge of the humerus (brachioradialis origin) is a bony ridge found on the distal, posterior aspect of the humerus, just above the lateral epicondyle. It extends proximally from the lateral epicondyle, running diagonally along the posterior surface of the humerus. The styloid process of the radius is a slender, cone-shaped projection which is located at the distal end of the radius bone, on its lateral side. The lateral surface of the radius’ styloid process (brachioradialis insertion) is smooth and rounded, facing the lateral aspect of the wrist joint .
The primary action of the brachioradialis is flexing the forearm at the elbow. It is also able to supinate or pronate depending on the rotation/orientation of the forearm. When the forearm is in a pronated position, the brachioradialis assists in supination as it contracts. When the forearm is in a supinated position, the brachioradialis assists in pronation as it contracts .
The primary action of the brachioradialis is flexion at the elbow joint. Therefore exercises involving flexion with the forearm in a pronated or hammer grip are going to target the brachioradialis most. Exercise examples would be: reverse curls (barbell, dumbbell, ez bar, or even kettlebell), hammer grip curls, or cable curls using the rope attachment.
The brachioradialis muscle is innervated by the radial nerve (C5, C6, C7). The spinal nerve roots of C5 and C6 are the nerve roots which provide the primary innervation of the brachioradialis    .
Blood is supplied to the brachioradialis muscle via the radial recurrent artery which is a branch of the radial artery  .
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